Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with a number of connected sorts of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but at times also for lounging, also by the two sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to numerous garments, for each daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving versions of style and material.
The word pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[six] The original pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans all through East India Corporation rule in India.[eight]
The around the world usage of pajamas (the word as well as garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and nineteenth hundreds of years, and the British affect on the broader Western planet throughout the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging apparel" as early given that the seventeenth century, then often known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they quickly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first 50 % with the nineteenth century. They did not become a vogue in Britain and also the Western planet as sleeping apparel for guys right until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of usage at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is employed by numerous individuals in India e.g. by Gals of assorted classes, by Sikh Guys, and most by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the habit similar to a excellent numerous Many others with the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term has become Employed in London stores. A colleague furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 many years back, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had ft sewn on to them (as was at times the case with All those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it is actually due to White Ants."
Common pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants combination made of tender material, including flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor typically features a placket entrance zenske pidzame and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Lots of individuals prefer to rest or lounge in only the pajama trousers, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for guys and boys are often offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas feature a fall seat (generally known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening in the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but while in the early 20-first century They may be somewhat rare.
Modern pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are lots of versions in model such as quick sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of various duration,[sixteen] or, occasionally, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating many materials. Chiefly inside the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Ordinarily worn by children, these clothes typically have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and might also be footed.
Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments for example nightgowns, while in the US, they have got from time to time involved the latter for a top rated. Babydoll pyjamas zenske pidzame Use a form of limited gown leading more than shorts or short trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas could right now consult with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US the place they grew to become well-known while in the early twentieth century, consisting of limited-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.